Steve W. J. Kozlowski 


Ph.D. - The Pennsylvania State University 







Contact me:

Steve W. J. Kozlowski

Department of Psychology

316 Physics Road

309 Psychology Building

Michigan State University

East Lansing, MI 48824‑1116

Voice:   517.353.8924

Fax:      517.353.4873



Theory and Research Interests


My research is directed by a meta-theoretical perspective that views organizations as dynamic systems of cross-level and emergent multilevel processes unfolding over time. Top-down effects operate through organizational contexts by exerting influence on groups and individuals, shaping their experiences, perceptions, and behavior. Bottom-up phenomena emerge through individual cognition, affect, and behavior—and the interactions among individuals over time—to create unique phenomena at the group and organizational levels. Resulting organizational behavior within these systems cuts across levels: people perceive the context and seek information to interpret salient events, features, and processes comprising their settings; they develop emergent systems of knowledge and meaning; and they behave, perform, and adapt accordingly.


My primary research interests focus on the processes by which individuals, teams, and organizations learn, develop, and adapt. I have conducted research in several substantive areas that relate to this theme over the course of my career. Early work focused on factors influencing organizational adaptation (technological innovation, organizational downsizing) and processes of group and individual adaptation (newcomer socialization) and sensemaking (organizational climate, knowledge structures, judgment accuracy).


More contemporary work has centered on developing theory and conducting research to integrate learning processes across the individual, team, and organizational levels. Foci include: (1) active, self-regulated learning and technology-based learning systems; (2) team learning, leadership, and development; team adaptation and effectiveness; knowledge emergence; and (3) aligning training and learning with the organizational system. My energies are primarily focused on the second foci.


The first area has been concerned with the development of active learning techniques that stimulate mindful, self-regulated learning and which can be deployed across distributed computer networks. A key focus of this research has been on the effects of individual differences in how learners actively interact with learning techniques, and how technology-based training can be designed to adapt to learner characteristics and to guide them to effective learning.


The goal of the second area is to examine processes of team regulation, learning, and adaptation. Theoretical work has focused on multilevel regulation of individual and team learning, team knowledge building as a phenomenon that emerges across levels, normative processes of team development that promote adaptability, and team leadership. Empirical work has centered on multilevel and cross-level modeling of individual and team regulation of learning and performance processes. More recent work in this area has focused on the theoretical mechanisms of emergent phenomena in teams and capturing emergence as a dynamic process using computational models and agent-based simulation. My current research (AHRQ, ARI, NASA, ONR) is advancing team research design by developing unobtrusive methods and technologies that capture team process dynamics directly.


The third area, at the organizational level, has addressed theoretically how formal and informal learning activities interface with the organizational system, and how the impact of learning systems on organizational level outcomes can be enhanced when it is appropriately aligned with key organizational system characteristics. The purpose of these combined research streams is to develop a theoretically based, application relevant foundation for the design of active learning systems that promote continuous learning for individuals, teams, and organizations.


Ongoing Projects


 Developing, Maintaining, and Restoring Team Cohesion (NASA)


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 Teamwork in Emergency Medical Teams (AHRQ)


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*      Team Collaboration and Knowledge Emergence (ONR)



Longer ONR Summary




 Computational Modeling of Multi-Team Systems (ARI)



Longer ARI Summary










Team Simulation Facilities



 TEAM Sim System and Labs





Selected Recent Publications



Baard, S. K., Rench, T. A., & Kozlowski, S. W. J. (2014). Performance adaptation: A theoretical integration and review. Journal of Management, 40, 48-99.


Kozlowski, S. W. J. (2015). Advancing research on team process dynamics: Theoretical, methodological, and measurement considerations. Organizational Psychology Review, 5, 270-299.


Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Chao, G. T. (2012). The dynamics of emergence: Cognition and cohesion in work teams. Managerial and Decision Economics, 33, 335-354.


Kozlowski, S. W. J., Chao, G. T., Chang, C.- H., & Fernandez, R. (in press). Team dynamics: Using “big data” to advance the science of team effectiveness. In S. Tonidandel, E. King, & J. Cortina (Eds.), Big data at work: The data science revolution and organizational psychology. New York, NY: Routledge Academic.


Kozlowski, S. W. J., Chao, G. T., Grand, J. A., Braun, M. T., & Kuljanin, G. (in press). Capturing the multilevel dynamics of emergence: Computational modeling, simulation, and virtual experimentation. Organizational Psychology Review.


Kozlowski, S. W. J., Chao, G. T., Grand, J. A., Braun, M. T., & Kuljanin, G. (2013). Advancing multilevel research design: Capturing the dynamics of emergence. Organizational Research Methods, 16, 581-615.


  • Awarded Best Paper of 2013 by the Editorial Board of Organizational Research Methods.


  • Awarded the William A. Owens Scholarly Achievement Award in recognition of the best publication (appearing in a refereed journal) in the field of industrial and organizational psychology during the past full year (2013) by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology.


Kozlowski, S. W. J., Grand, J. A., Baard, S. K., & Pearce, M. (2015). Teams, teamwork, and team effectiveness: Implications for human systems integration. In D. Boehm-Davis, F. Durso, & J. Lee (Eds.), The handbook of human systems integration (pp. 555-571). Washington, DC: APA.


Salas, E., Tannenbaum, S. I., Kozlowski, S. W. J., Miller, C., Mathieu, J. E., & Vessey, W. B. (2015). Teams in space exploration: A new frontier for the science of team effectiveness. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(3), 200-207.



Editorial Activities


Associate Editor, Archives of Scientific Psychology

Former Editor, Journal of Applied Psychology (Incoming 2008; Editor 1/2009-12/2014)


Editor of the Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology; a volume in the Library of Psychology, Oxford University Press


Contents, Authors, and Abstracts


Scientific Advisory Activity


(2009-2011) National Academy of Sciences Committee on Behavioral and Social Science Research to Improve Intelligence Analysis for National Security (Consensus Committee).


(2013-2015) National Academy of Sciences Committee on the Science of Team Science (Consensus Committee).


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